Policy and Reports

In this section of the website, policy documents issued by BBIA and others can be found alongside the many reports and studies issued by third parties that we believe are relevant to the bioeconomy.

A Comprehensive Look at Compostable Plastics

A Comprehensive Look at Compostable Plastics

plants and their results are published here. They are extremely important because they show, in several geographies and in differing types of composting technologies, that their PLA yoghurt pots fully biodegrade in very short times and leave zero residues or microplastics. Thus another myth that bioplastics do not biodegrade, is busted.

Plastic mulching, and occurrence, incorporation, degradation, and impacts of polyethylene microplastics in agroecosystems

Plastic mulching, and occurrence, incorporation, degradation, and impacts of polyethylene microplastics in agroecosystems

A Chinese review of the scientific evidence illustrating the levels of microplastic pollution of soils has been published this summer and it makes interesting reading, both for those claiming that the use of plastics in agriculture is not a problem (spoiler alert, it is) and for those of us, like BBIA members, who propose benign alternatives. It adds another piece of evidence to the many that show the worrying scale of soil pollution from plastics and the damage this creates to ecosystems.

The lesser of two evils: Enhancing biodegradable bioplastics use to fight plastic pollution requires policy makers interventions in Europe

The lesser of two evils: Enhancing biodegradable bioplastics use to fight plastic pollution requires policy makers interventions in Europe

A peer-reviewed paper on why bioplastics should be the preferred choice of policymakers trying to resolve issues of plastics pollution has been published here. It makes the case that bioplastics, while not perfect, offer immediate solutions in many applications which help reduce plastic waste and therefore should be a priority for policymakers.

Report claims ‘mismanaged’ short life plastic waste in UK estimated to total over 250,000 tonnes

Report claims ‘mismanaged’ short life plastic waste in UK estimated to total over 250,000 tonnes

A research study undertaken by the pressure group Earth Actions claims that around 250,000 tons of plastics waste are mismanaged in the UK annually by which they mean plastic waste is not correctly processed or is exported.

Roadmap for sustainable polymers in liquid formulations

Roadmap for sustainable polymers in liquid formulations

The Royal Society of Chemistry has released its 2040 roadmap for sustainable polymers in liquid formulations.

European Green Deal: more sustainable use of plant and soil natural resources

European Green Deal: more sustainable use of plant and soil natural resources

The Commission adopted a package of measures for a sustainable use of key natural resources, which will also strengthen the resilience of EU food systems and farming.

Fragmentation and Mineralization of a Compostable Aromatic–Aliphatic Polyester during Industrial Composting

Fragmentation and Mineralization of a Compostable Aromatic–Aliphatic Polyester during Industrial Composting

Compostable plastics support the separate collection of organic waste. However, there are concerns that the fragments generated during disintegration might not fully biodegrade and leave persistent microplastic in compost. Researchers spiked particles of an aromatic–aliphatic polyester containing polylactide into compost and then tracked disintegration under industrial composting conditions. The yields were compared against polyethylene.

Climate Disruption Caused by a Decline in Marine Biodiversity and Pollution

Climate Disruption Caused by a Decline in Marine Biodiversity and Pollution

The world has focused on carbon mitigation as the only solution for climate change. This discussion paper considers how marine biodiversity regulates the climate, and the factors that control marine biodiversity.

Microorganisms that produce enzymes active on biodegradable polyesters are ubiquitous

Microorganisms that produce enzymes active on biodegradable polyesters are ubiquitous

Biodegradability standards measure ultimate biodegradation of polymers by exposing the material under test to a natural microbial inoculum. Available tests developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) use inoculums sampled from different environments e.g. soil, marine sediments, seawater. Understanding whether each inoculum is to be considered as microbially unique or not can be relevant for the interpretation of tests results. This review address this question.