On this page you will find the laws and regulations passed in the UK and the EU that have an effect upon the bioeconomy industries (excluding energy).
There are very few. Indeed, the reason why BBIA exists is to create a regulatory framework in the UK that benefits the development of the bioeconomy.
What policies would we like to see?
Firstly, there is a principle to be established, and that is, if bio-based and biodegradable materials and products are to be made from biomass, they should return to soil as waste closing the soil-to-soil loop. If they finish up in landfills or incinerators, there is less environmental value to these products and simple disposal defeats the circular bioeconomy value proposal. And being biodegradable, they are recovered through the organics recycling chain, rather than through the materials recycling chain. Ergo, for the bioeconomy to develop, it is important for the UK to have an efficient, source-segregated organics collection system for household and business food and garden wastes that delivers these wastes to composting and AD.
So, regarding waste, our policy requests include all those actions that can be taken to privilege the clean recovery of organics and their return to soil.
But further than this, our policy requests include green preferential purchasing (GPP) by government of bio-based and biodegradable materials, whether these be packaging or lubricants or insecticides used on government lands; lower VAT rates for bio-based and biodegradable products; specific investment streams backed by government guarantees for bioeconomy materials production; incentives, like those given to bio-energy; and so on.
We know from the studies published by the EU and the UK government that the potential of materials from biomass to substitute fossil fuels can play a significant role in lowering atmospheric emissions, creating new jobs, and adding value to the local, UK economy. But the policy framework is not yet aligned, and this is the task BBIA has set itself.